Sceatta List

A comprehensive, illustrated, catalogue

of early Anglo-Saxon silver coinage


Additional Varieties

If you are unable to find your coin in Sceatta List or below, please contact Tony.


Listed below are additional varieties since edition 3 was published, plus some improved images, including:

New Varieties (30) , New Variants (8), Improved Images (8)

1-16, 1-25, 1-33, 1-35, 2-20, 2-50, 3-80, 4-15, 4-30, 4-32, 7-45, 8-15, , 16-20, , 19-25, 21-75, 32-25, 34-20, 34-25, 38-10, 39-35, 41-10v, 45-10v, 45-55, 52-40, 59-15, 72-10, 73-18, 73-80, 75-15, 80-05, 80-50, 81-20, 82-35, 82-60, 82-70, 83-40, 84-10, 86.5-45, 86.5-75, 86-5-130, 92-15, 97-20, 98-20, 102-11, 102-15, 104-60.


13-157 is withdrawn. See below.

A Merovingian denier is shown at the end.


New Variety 1-16. As 1-15 but reverse inscription rotated so that the annulet cross is above and tufa below.

Courtesy CNG 943607

New variety 1-25.

A/INC around bust. Three annulets above runic name in centre of reverse. Cross pattée left.

EMC 2020.0371, found Hoath, Canterbury, 2020.

Image courtesy EMC.

New variety 1-33, type IIA variant.

ITIIC before bust. Three annulets above runic name in centre of reverse. Tufa left.

EMC 1001.0219, found by 1958.

Image courtesy EMC.

New Variety 1-35, courtesy of Mike Vosper - January 2021:

"Base Gold Thrymsa - Seat transitional, Type Ib-IIa? / IIa., Mint in Kent, ca.670-690 AD.
12mm - 1.17g

Bust right, the breast is as of type Ib - lines and two annulets depicting arms etc., not a row of annulets across arms and neck as Ty.IIa is. The hair has a forward bent wreath (to resembling a helmet) ending in some annulets - these annulets are only present on the helmeted Ib. It would appear that the die cutter has designed the hair to liken a helmet! In front of the bust is CIIZIO (for CRISPVS blundered), this legend only occurred on Type Ib and not IIa (IIa is TIIC, TIC or AVG). / Type IIa = PADA (in Runic), with three pellets above, in a beaded circle. Tufa on left, and mZCOTIoΛTm (C retrograde).

See S76A for the near obverse, S 769 for both sides - note the busts!
Metcalf, see Vol., 1, page 73, Pa Ib obverse and Pa IIa obverse and reverse.

It would appear that the obverse of our coin is a transition from a helmeted bust to a diademed bust, I know of no other examples and must be EXCESSIVELY-RARE"

New variety 2-20, Vanamundus with annulet before mouth. Reverse: central cross pattée, runic Pada in legend.

EMC 20018.0105. Hatfield Heath, Essex, by April 2017.

Image courtesy EMC.

New variety 2-50, a mule of a Vanimundus VAI obverse with a Pada PaIIA reverse. First recorded in BNJ's Coin Register 2007, no. 69.

Obv: [ ]TM[ ]VS, helm, bust right with staff on shoulder.

Rev: MISICTOT[ ]ATM (C reversed, A unbarred) around runic Pada. Baldwin Auction 30, 7-8 May 2002, lot 554.

Unrecorded variety possibly attributable to Series A, provisionally SL3-80, Continental find courtesy of Ype de Jong, December 2020.

Two crosses before bust replace legend, T behind. Rev: degenerate votive standard with crosses and pseudo-characters in margin.

New Variety 4-15: Horns to upper corners of votive standard but tufa replaced by cross pattée. See also here. Image courtesy of Wayne Boyd, 1st November 2021.

4-30, Series C, a better specimen than in Sceatta List. Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auction Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 577-3. Courtesy JNC.

New Variety 4-32: a mule of a series A3 obverse with Series C2 reverse, presumably an 'official' mint error.

Image courtesy of EMC 2021.0407.

New Variety 7-45 SAROALDO ex John Cross, Canterbury Auction Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 560-4. Note SA before bust. Courtesy JNC.

Unrecorded variety of Series D type 2c, SL8-15. Courtesy Ype de Jong, April 2021. Obverse legend in Roman lettering rather than runic.


Demian J. Morrisroe writes: Specimen 13-157 on page 79 is one of the small medieval coins of Flanders known as a petit denier or "maille." I don't own a copy myself, but the reference for these is Joseph Gyssens' 'Les petits deniers de Flandre des XIIe et XIIIe siècles' (Bruxelles, 1971). They were minted between the mid-12th century and the end of the 13th. Many cities in Flanders minted their own versions, typically around 10 or 11mm, and usually uninscribed.


The coin in question was minted in Ghent during Gyssens' fourth phase of the coinage, dating between 1253 and 1300 A.D.  Absent a copy of Gyssens' book, the below link contains a free Google e-book of the 2007 Kunker auction catalogue of the G. W. de Wit collection.  Page 397 introduces the petits deniers and the phases of the coinage, and page 400 features several exemplars of the coin in question:


The image shown here is from Victor Louis Marie Gaillard's 'Les monnaies des comtes de Flandre,' published in 1852, and is thus past copyright.  Please note that the fleur-de-lys behind the bust is replaced with a cruciform quartet of pellets on many issues, as in the example published in Sceatta List ed III.

Interesting sub-variety of Series B, SL16-20, images courtesy of Dale Gowing. Note the braided hair on the bust is reminiscent of the portraits on the transitional shillings of Pada, SL1-10 to 1-20


Variety 19-25, improved images courtesy of PAS YorYm-C7-O4B8 and TimeLine 28 Feb 2021.

Contemporary, imitative variety of Series G, SL21-75. Courtesy Ype de Jong, May 2021. Pellet cross either side of crude bust, right, with linear features. Drapery replaced by square.

34-20. Nick Carter pointed out that the specimen illustrated at 34-20 in Sceatta List is actually variety 34-30. The example of 34-20 illustrated on the left is EMC 2019.0397.

New Variety 34-25 previously 34-20 but now re-assigned.This coin Spink auction 21060, 30th September 2021, Part III lot 812. SCBI. 483. Standard bearer in hatched tabard, looking right, holding long cross right, floral cross left, standing in crescent boat. Similar to 35-30 but with crescent boat. My thanks to Nick Carter for distinguishing this probably unique variety from 34-20 above.

New Variety 32-25. Bust with wreath-ties right, of typical London style and fabric. Rosette before.

Reverse: standard bearer. Cross pommée to lower left. Surfaces silver enriched.


EMC 2022.0123. Found near Ancaster early November 2021.

Thanks to Pat Broomfield for correcting my provisional attribution.


Variant of 38-10, courtesy of Graeme Lee, March 2021.



New Variety 39-35. Similar to 39-30 but with "keyhole" drapery.

Image credit Sean Hagarty, February 2022.

41-10v: one of many die variations of this most alluring type. Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auction Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 531-5. Courtesy JNC.

45-10v: A more linear pecking bird than on the regular Series U reverse. Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auction Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 560-2. Courtesy JNC.

New Variety 45-55: Obverse has elaborate long cross pommée right and unique star-topped staff left. Reverse displays a linear pecking bird with feet closely set and plump berries in field. A superb specimen of a new variety. Found Peterborough area. Courtesy Wayne Boyd, 3rd October 2021.

Variant of 52-40 courtesy of Steve Harmer, found Kent 2021. Standard bearers have beaded haloes.

New Variety 63-63. Bust, right, trident cross before. Reverse: quadruped, left, gaping jaws, foreleg raised, curled tail raised, pellets in field.

Courtesy Wayne Bayd, January 2022.

59-15 a better image from Stewartby part 1 (Anglo-Saxon and Norman)  lot 34. Thanks to  Alex Bliss for reminding me of this!


72-10 better illustration than in Sceatta List ed. 3. Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auctions Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 560-1. Courtesy JNC.

New Variety 73-18 Ælfwald. A far better coin than 73-15 in SL ed. 3. The reverse beast is modelled in this example. Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auctions Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 549-3. Courtesy JNC.


New variety 73-80 courtesy of George Walbert. Legend retrograde, fantastic beast left.

New Variety 75-15: Ecgberht under Alchred. King's name appears somewhat different from 75-10, ending in "DL". Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auctions Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 582-1. Also see EMC 2022-0105.

Courtesy JNC.

80-05: See EMC 2020.0417. See ‘A vital clue in establishing Northumbrian chronology for early pennies’

This was the final coin to be added to my collection before disposal.


Clearer images are now provided, courtesy of Ron Bude.


New Variety 80-50 Aethelred by the moneyer ceolbald but blundered to read CELBAOLD. Thanks to Alex Bliss for drawing this to my attention (19/10/2021) and giving image use permission. See Alex's note on the BNS blog.

81-20 - a second specimen, recorded on the Portable Antiquities database. Attributed to CEOLBALD by Artie Gran in his BNS Blog contribution of 6th August 2019: 'Ceolbald of Northumbria: a new look at an old moneyer'.


New variety 82-35 courtesy of Quoin Scions June 2021. Found Old Malton.

New Variety 82-60 Aethelred by Tidwulf.

+EDELDRE around cross pattée.

R: +TIDVVCF, cenrtral boss in beaded inner circle.

Beaded borders.

Image courtesy of Nick Carter, January 2022.

New Variety 82-70, as above but central rosette on obverse, cenrtral cross pattée in beaded inner circle on reverse.

Courtesy W. Boyd, March 2022.


New variety 83-40 courtesy of Timothy Scotney.


84-10 better illustration than in Sceatta List ed. 3. Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auctions Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 560-5. Courtesy JNC.


New Variety 86.5-45 Eanbald styca by Eadwine. Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auctions Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 531-9. Courtesy JNC

New Variety 86.5-75: Æthelweard for Archbishop Eanbald II. Cruciform central motifs differ from Sceatta List ed. III specimen. Ex John Cross, Canterbury Auctions Galleries, 3rd October 2021, lot 540-7.

Courtesy JNC

New Variety 86.5-130 [02-A] tertiary sceat. 
Joint issue of Eanred and Archbishop Eanbald II. DNW Nov 2021. Unrecorded. Read more in the BNS blog. A historical significant find, auctioned by DNW December 1-2, 2021. Image courtesy of DNW

New Variety 92-15 Aethiliraed in runes but retrograde.

Ex John N Cross, Canterbury Auctions lot 535, 9.

Images courtesy of Christine Hetherington, February 2022.

In March 2022, a second specimen, found in Hertsfordshire, was reported by Ian Turner.

97-20. Just another bizarre additon to the Vast Trackless Wastes! I love the elephant trunk!

Image courtesy of DNW 1-2 December 2021 lot 41

Variant 98-20, Series E, variety B related. Found near Hook, Hampshire.

See also, Abramson sale, Part IV, Spink 21070, lots 1095, 1148 and 1149. The latter is a better example but among many Spink failed to post to the online auction website.

Courtesy Peter Brown, March 2022.

New variety 102-11. Obverse apperars to be a die duplicate of 102-10: Christ, facing, almond-shaped eyes, bell-shaped hair style curling outward, long moustache and beard forked into W shape. Beaded border enclosed within wire lines.

Reverse is similar to 102-40: long-legged wild boar in running posture right, large claws below, lowered tail with pellet finial rises below body, ears erect. Row of pellets over back, trefoil of pellets before.

Image courtesy of Sean Hagarty, February 2022.


102-15 an improved image.

Image courtesy of DNW auction 8th-9th March 2022, lot 51.



New variety 104-60 courtesy of Timothy Scotney.

A denier probably attributable to Marseilles. The obverse display a cross atop a letter A with a saltire either side. The reverse is a quilled crescent, left, plain cross laterally below. cf : SL 108-10.

Image courtesy of, whose website states:

"If it is possible to recognize an extreme simplification of more traditional types on the obverse, the reverse presents a crossed A. If the crossed A is quite widely represented in the Merovingian coinage, it is very rare in the Anglo-Saxon coinage (note however the W100 coin reproduced by T. Abramson with a crossed A described as a monogram of Marseilles and considered as a denarius “ Anglo-Merovingian” of series W).

Is it a Merovingian strike inspired by a sceat. Need we remind you that sceats circulated widely throughout Gaul? Or is it a seal using a typically Merovingian type of reverse?

Be that as it may, this penny or seal seems to be missing from all publications on the subject."


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